Correlation of Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein (PAPP-A) in Serum and Follicular Fluid with Oocyte and Embryo Quality in PCOS and non-PCOS Women Undergoing ICSI Cycle

Authors

  • Zeena Salim Altimimi High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Mufeda Ali Jwad High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Amal Abdulwahid Mohammed High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.28969/IJEIR.v11.i2.r4

Keywords:

Infertility, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein, Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection, Oocyte and Embryo Characteristics

Abstract

Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein (PAPP-A) is a zinc metalloproteinase in the insulin growth factor system (IGFs) produced by the syncytiotrophoplast region of the placenta. It plays a critical function in the cleavage of IGFBP4. In the ovary IGFs, it regulates follicular and oocyte maturation, and steroidogenesis. While in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) Hyperinsulinemia and hyperandrogenemia it causes follicular environment changes and early ovulation resulting in lower oocyte and embryo quality in patients and this will decrease the success of pregnancy in women enrolled in the ICSI cycle. The present study aimed to assess the relationship of PAPP-A levels in serum and follicular fluid in women with PCOS and non-PCOS with oocyte and embryo quality in women undergoing ICSI cycle. 45 infertile Iraqi women were enrolled. Women with PCOS had to meet at least two of the three criteria set by the Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRMS criteria, the age of the included women ranged between 20-45 years. In non-PCOS patients, PAPP-A has higher level in serum and follicular fluid but without a statistically significant difference matching with PCOS group. In addition, there was no significant correlation between PAPP-A levels in serum and follicular fluid with oocytes and embryo characteristics. However, PAPP-A levels are higher in serum and follicular fluid in women with positive pregnancy but without significant differences. PAPP-A had no correlation with oocyte and embryo quality.

Author Biographies

Zeena Salim Altimimi, High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

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She received her B.Sc. in veterinary medicine and surgery from the University of Baghdad in 2013, and her M.Sc. in applied embryology in 2021 from the High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

 

Mufeda Ali Jwad, High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

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She received her MBChB. From the College of Medicine at the University of Baghdad in 1996. Her M.Sc. in Applied Embryology and her Ph.D. in Infertility and Clinical Reproduction were from the High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University in 2007 and 2018 respectively. She worked as a rotator in the Baghdad health department from 1996-1999. She worked in Gyn. & Obs. in Alsamawa general hospital and Babylon hospital from 2000-2003. She worked at the Babylon University, College of Medicine, anatomy and embryology department from 2003-2004. She has been working as a specialist physician and a consultant clinic at the High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University from 2008-2015. Currently, she is an assistant professor and specialist in infertility and clinical reproduction. She is the head of the clinical reproductive physiology department from 2019 till now. She has more than 25 published articles in national and international journals.

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Amal Abdulwahid Mohammed, High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

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She works at the High Institute of Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Al Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

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Published

2021-11-07

How to Cite

1.
Altmimi Z, Jwad M, Abdulwahid A. Correlation of Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein (PAPP-A) in Serum and Follicular Fluid with Oocyte and Embryo Quality in PCOS and non-PCOS Women Undergoing ICSI Cycle. IJEIR [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 7 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];11(2):39-52. Available from: https://ijeir.net/index.php/ijeir/article/view/v10i2r4_2021_ijeir

Issue

Section

Research Articles